Photographers are the people behind the camera who capture moods and feelings
on film to sell products, highlight news stories and bring back memories.
They operate a variety of cameras and photographic equipment to take pictures
of people, places, objects and events.
Photography is a diverse field. Often, the only similarity among these
sharpshooters is the fact that they take pictures. Generally, the field is
divided into two categories: commercial and studio.
Commercial photographers are the creative minds behind many of the advertising
images we see today. Their work can be seen in newspapers, magazines, catalogs,
manuals, brochures and posters.
Studio or portrait photographers are the people that turn up at weddings
and graduations to take that photo you'll look back at for years to come.
Much of their work is done in a studio.
Photojournalists are the shutterbugs with a nose for news. They photograph
newsworthy events, people and places for magazines and newspapers. Many of
them work on a freelance or contract basis.
Underwater photographers take pictures of sea life with sophisticated,
waterproof cameras. Their work may be used as art or for scientific study.
Underwater photographers must be experienced divers and have some knowledge
of marine biology.
Aerial photographers shoot pictures from airplanes. Their work might be
used by news sources, land developers, businesses, or for military purposes.
A knowledge of geography is important for people in this field.
Working conditions depend on the type of photography. Commercial and portrait
photographers generally work 40 hours per week in comfortable studios or at
a client's office or residence. Some have to travel overnight.
A photojournalist's day can be grueling. "The hours can be long. It's certainly
not a job for someone who wants regular hours and meal breaks," says photojournalist
The work can be physically demanding, at least for photojournalists who
may have to carry heavy equipment in difficult terrain.
Commercial photographers might work on location in a foreign country snapping
pictures of fashion models. Or they may work in a studio photographing fruit
for a grocery store flyer.
Photojournalists spend a lot of time outdoors in good weather and bad.
Sometimes they're faced with dangerous situations, especially when covering
a natural disaster or a military conflict.