Golf Information

Insider Info

dotSome say that the game of golf dates back to ancient Roman times, when boys played in the streets with a leather ball stuffed with feathers. Some say the game began in Holland where people played a game on the frozen canals using clubs called kolb, or kolf.

Others say golf was brought across the North Sea by the Dutch traders to Scotland, were kolf evolved into golf, reports the Golf Trivia Web Site.

What is for certain, however, is that golf as we know it was first played on the northwest shores of Scotland, perhaps as early as the 12th Century. It got so popular that in 1456, King James II decided it was hurting his people's archery practice, and so he decreed the game could no longer be played! The ban was lifted in 1502, and King James IV played the first officially documented match of golf on Feb. 3, 1504, with the Earl of Bothwell.

dotSince then, golf has become extremely popular. Everyone plays it now, from construction workers to presidents, from children to seniors.

dotGolf is a complex game, but here's a short summary: Golf is played outdoors on cultivated lands called links. To start, you set your golf ball on a little peg called a tee. Then, you hit the ball using one of your golf clubs out into the first stretch of grass, called the fairway.

You keep hitting the ball, using different clubs to get different results, until you get to the end of the patch of grass, or green. Here, you'll try to putt the ball into a little hole. The winner is the player who needs the fewest hits, or strokes, to get the ball in the hole.

dotIt's easy to get hooked on this game because it's not only fun, but challenging.

"I probably picked up a club less than 10 times in my whole life, but once I decided I wanted to play, there was no stopping me," says Jessica Nicholas. The California resident plays at least one game a week.

dotSome famous golf clubs include:

Pine Valley Golf Club in Pine Valley, New Jersey

Cypress Point Club in Pebble Beach, California

Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Southampton, New York

dotThere are various types of golf courses, differing in size. The most common are the nine-hole golf courses, and the full-size, standard golf courses with 18 holes. There are also practice golfing facilities where people can practice their putting and driving.

Then there are the pitch and putts, which are 18-hole courses where the initial tee-off with the driver -- a big club with a mean whack -- is eliminated, and the holes are a lot closer to the tee-off position.

dotMost golf courses are public, while some are private "country clubs."

dotGolf is a social game. While you compete against yourself, the course and the other players, it's a friendly competition. Plus there's lots of time to get to know each other.

"I've made some wonderful friendships on the golf course," says long-time golfer Dan King.

dotThere are 26.5 million golfers age 12 and over in the U.S., notes the National Golf Foundation. About 5.6 million are considered "avid golfers," that is, people who play 25 or more rounds a year. Women make up 22 percent (5.7 million) of the U.S. golfer population.

dotThere are more than 16,010 golf courses in the U.S., including regulation, par-3 and executive length courses. The majority of these, about 11,300, are open to the public, notes the National Golf Foundation. The five states that have the most golf courses are Florida with 1,170, California with 942, Michigan with 906, New York with 838, and Texas with 838.

dotHow much people spend on golf depends on how often they golf. Avid golfers, those who play 25 or more rounds of golf a year, spend an average of $1,710 a year on equipment, merchandise, and fees. Moderate golfers who play 8-24 rounds a year spend $719. The occasional golfer who plays less than eight rounds a year spends only an average of $183.

dotThe cost of "green fees," or how much you pay to use a golf course, varies on the size, location, and prestige of the course. The median cost of a weekend round of golf at an 18-hole municipal course is $27, including cart and green fee.

dotYou don't have to be a jock to golf. In fact, it's a perfect sport because anyone can do it. You'll still get a workout from all that walking. Even if you can't walk, there are courses which allow wheelchair access. All you have to be able to do is aim well and swing a club.

"Golf is played over four-plus hours, but the actual activity is no more than 10 minutes," says King. "The majority of the time is spent between [the] golfing activity. This can be my favorite time -- walking to your ball, enjoying the surroundings and the companionship, the grass below your feet, and the wind blowing. Everything is so green and alive."

dotWhile players work on their golf game, the golf game also works on them. Players say that in order to do well at golf, they have to be calm, patient and honest.

"Golf has taught me patience. I used to be fairly quick tempered, but I've learned on the course that a temper will hurt your game. Golf is best when you attempt to stay on a fairly even keel," says King. "You want to keep the highs from being too high, and the lows from being too low. It is a sort of Zen attitude, mixed with a little Tao."

dotThose who really like this game may be able to find a job related to it. Players who are really good may find work as instructors, teaching people how to golf. People who are extremely good at golf compete on the professional golfing tour.

dotYoung people who have an interest and an ability in golf may be able to get a free university education. Some schools offer scholarships to great golfers. The golfer gets a free education, and the school gets a golf team it can be proud of.

dotSince golf is such a big industry, there are plenty of other opportunities as well. You may work at a golfing goods store or work for a sporting goods manufacturer. Or, you may be inspired to become a writer.

"Because golf is a solitary affair, it leaves plenty of time for thought," observes King. "And all that time for thought has led many people to write about the game. Some of the finest writers of this century were golf writers."

Getting Started

dotThose who want to get involved in this game should look no further than their national youth golf association. These groups work hard to introduce young people to the game of golf, and offer educational programs and tournaments.

dotPractice as much as you like. Try different courses, finding the public ones by looking under Golf Courses -- Public in your local phone directory.

dotBefore you arrive, check the golf club's dress code. Some clubs won't allow golfers who are not dressed appropriately. Players are also advised to wear a hat and sun block.

dotAs far as equipment goes, you'll want to buy something used if you don't have lots of money. Look in the classified ads and check out garage sales. There's always an old set of clubs at a garage sale.


American Junior Golf Association
2415 Steeplechase Ln.
Roswell , GA   30076

The United States Golf Association
P.O. Box 708
Far Hills , NJ   07931


A golf database library, traveling tips for the golfer on the move and links to great golf courses around the world

PGA Online
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The World Golf Village
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