From the comfort of your own bedroom, you speak into a microphone
and say what's on your mind. You play some of your favorite tunes, interview
some interesting people, then let the world hear it all. Sound like a childhood
dream? It's called podcasting, and it's spreading across the Internet. And
like a lot of new features on the web, it has plenty of potential for career
"A podcast is a buzzword to describe a very simple concept -- a video/audio
file available on the Internet for you to watch/listen to, and to download
if you desire," explains Justin Grotelueschen. He's the senior producer of
a website called podcast.com.
"Those media files are delivered in a series through a feed that someone
can subscribe to. The feed is the key element because it pushes the newest
media out to the subscriber, which is the new paradigm for how people get
content on the web," he adds.
"A podcast is more or less like a talk show that is recorded for Internet
use only," says Chris Marshall. He has a podcast about comic books. "You can
subscribe to it through something like iTunes. It'll come to your inbox once
a new file is loaded. Mine, for example, comes once a week, on Wednesdays.
It just gets downloaded automatically."
Of course, there is an incredible variety of podcasts available. Many
are like radio shows that focus on music. Others are more like talk radio,
with topics ranging from politics to hobbies to food to self-help programs.
You name it and it's out there -- often with few or no commercials to sit
through as an added bonus. Because of the relatively cheap costs, it's very
easy for people to start a podcast.
"The most basic elements for an audio podcast are a computer with recording
software and either a USB microphone or a regular microphone with a mixer,"
says Grotelueschen. "Many people who do video podcasts record shows using
an external digital video camera and load the files on their computers from
Sounds simple enough, right? But when it comes to making money through
podcasts, you might have to do a little research first.
Leesa Barnes is president of a company that advises businesses on using
podcasting as a communications tool. She says that podcasting can open up
job opportunities, but not necessarily by doing a podcast yourself.
"There are many careers in podcasting," she says. "I'm seeing jobs for
media producers -- those who can edit and mix audio files together. Also,
those who are great at interviewing will find jobs in the podcasting field
as many podcasts are interview-based. Those who have studio equipment and
can record audio or video will also find that they can make money in podcasting
by providing these services."
"Some people are making money," says Marshall. "There's a company called
Podshow that really helps podcasts with advertising. I have sponsors for my
show; I get paid in comic books," he says. "It's my little compensation. But,
yeah, people are making money."
Grotelueschen agrees that there is money to be made in podcasting. As in
a lot of industries, that money comes from the advertisers.
"Yes, you can make money in podcasting, mainly from advertising," he says.
"There are a number of high-profile podcasts out there that contain sponsorships
from major corporations. It's also possible for lower-profile podcasters to
align themselves with advertising networks that insert random advertising
into their podcasts, either on their websites or in the podcast files themselves.
And some podcasters receive funding from a network to produce podcasts to
be distributed by that network."
But don't think that you can just start a podcast from home and immediately
start raking in the money.
"If you're a celebrity, you can expect to make loads of money from your
podcast," says Barnes. "However, about 99 percent of podcasts are offered
for free. So if you have dreams of charging people to hear or see your podcast,
"There are two ways that people can make money from podcasts," she continues.
"One, they use their podcast to lead listeners to purchase products or services
on their website. Two, they get paid to help podcasters do all the technical
work associated with putting a podcast together."
"The potential for money-making will vary," says Grotelueschen. "It depends
on how much each podcaster wants to work to secure it and the options for
advertising in the future. With a growing audience, advertisers surely will
Many radio stations already broadcast from the Internet. And podcasting,
like college radio in years past, is proving to be a threat to mainstream
"Podcasting has changed how audiences consume their media," says Grotelueschen.
"Potential broadcasters should be aware that technologies such as podcasting,
audio and video streaming, and on-demand audio and video are providing many
new opportunities for anyone with the tools to make media. And the tools are
now much easier and cheaper to get."
Podcasting is a field that overlaps with other fields, including journalism.
Barnes says this has worked to her advantage.
"My own freelance journalism background has come in handy in the podcasting
field," she says. "I'm used to interviewing people in the field and I can
create a great story. Podcasts rely on good content to become popular. If
you're working in broadcast, you can hire your services out to podcasters,
as many of them lack the skills to create compelling content for their podcasts."
Something all the podcast experts agree on is that it's a lot of hard work
to put a show together. Marshall goes over his show several times, even after
he's posted it on the Internet for people to download. But he says all the
hard work is worth it. Not only does he get free comics, but he's a changed
"It's all about connecting with your audience and being more social," he
says. "When I was just on forums and message boards posting about comic books,
nobody knew who I was. Now I'm kind of a voice; I've got over 1,000 listeners
a week, and I've got a responsibility to my audience that I never thought
I'd have. That dawned on me when I got to speak at the San Diego Comic-Con.
It really hit me."
"I definitely have an audience and people who look up to me, and I've almost
become my own personality in a way, when I get on the radio," he concludes.
"I've had days where I've thought, I've had enough, I quit, I'm just tired
of it. But I'll probably never quit, because so many people have invested
their time into me, and I feel like I owe them back. It wouldn't be fair to
How Podcasting Works
Lean the basics of podcasting
Podcast How-To Guide
Learn what it takes to create a successful podcast
Podcasting Legal Guide
Learn about the legal side, including copyright laws