Biologist  What They Do

Just the Facts


Biologists Career Video



Researches or studies basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.

This career is part of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics cluster Science and Mathematics pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Prepares technical and research reports, such as environmental impact reports, and communicates the results to individuals in industry, government, or the general public.
  • Develops and maintains liaisons and effective working relations with groups and individuals, agencies, and the public to encourage cooperative management strategies or to develop information and interpret findings.
  • Collects and analyzes biological data about relationships among and between organisms and their environment.
  • Programs and uses computers to store, process, and analyze data.
  • Supervises biological technicians and technologists and other scientists.
  • Identifies, classifies, and studies structure, behavior, ecology, physiology, nutrition, culture, and distribution of plant and animal species.
  • Communicates test results to state and federal representatives and general public.
  • Prepares requests for proposals or statements of work.
  • Represents employer in a technical capacity at conferences.
  • Studies basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and function.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Identifying color and seeing differences in color, including shades and brightness
  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Regular working hours and limited travel

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Aquatic Biologist --
  • Aquatic Scientist --
  • Biological Scientist --
  • Botanist -- Researches and studies the physiology, heredity, environment, distribution, and economic value of plants for application in such fields as agronomy, forestry, horticulture, and pharmacology.
  • Horticulturist -- Conducts experiments and investigations to determine methods of breeding, producing, storing, processing, and transporting of fruits, nuts, berries, vegetables, flowers, bushes, and trees.
  • Marine Biologist -- Conducts research into the origin, relationship, development and functions of plants and animals that live in water.
  • Research Biologist --
  • Research Scientist --
  • Scientist --