Diagnoses and treats acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.
This career is part of the Health Science cluster Therapeutic Services pathway.
A person in this career:
- Analyzes and interprets patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses.
- Diagnoses or treats acute health care problems, such as illnesses, infections, or injuries.
- Recommends diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy.
- Prescribes medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized.
- Educates patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances.
- Prescribes medication dosages, routes, and frequencies, based on such patient characteristics as age and gender.
- Maintains complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses.
- Orders, performs, or interprets the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays).
- Recommends interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks.
- Develops treatment plans, based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines.
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