Health and Safety Engineer  What They Do

Just the Facts


Industrial Safety and Health Engineers Career Video



Plans, implements, and coordinates safety programs, requiring application of engineering principles and technology, to prevent or correct unsafe environmental working conditions.

This career is part of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics cluster Engineering and Technology pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Investigates industrial accidents, injuries, or occupational diseases to determine causes and preventive measures.
  • Inspects facilities, machinery, and safety equipment to identify and correct potential hazards, and to ensure safety regulation compliance.
  • Maintains and applies knowledge of current policies, regulations, and industrial processes.
  • Conducts or coordinates worker training in areas such as safety laws and regulations, hazardous condition monitoring, and use of safety equipment.
  • Reports or reviews findings from accident investigations, facilities inspections, or environmental testing.
  • Evaluates adequacy of actions taken to correct health inspection violations.
  • Recommends process and product safety features that will reduce employees' exposure to chemical, physical, and biological work hazards.
  • Interprets safety regulations for others interested in industrial safety, such as safety engineers, labor representatives, and safety inspectors.
  • Reviews plans and specifications for construction of new machinery or equipment to determine whether all safety requirements have been met.
  • Interviews employers and employees to obtain information about work environments and workplace incidents.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would sit most of the time. There's some walking and standing. You may have to lift and carry things like books, papers or tools weighing 10 lbs. or less.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Lighting is either extremely bright or inadequate
  • Conditions are very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F)
  • Exposed to conditions such as high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, and chemicals more than once a month
  • Exposed to hazardous equipment such as saws, machinery, or vehicular traffic more than once a month
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time
  • Work at heights above 8 feet more than once a month on structures such as ladders, poles, scaffolding, and catwalks

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Overnight travel

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Chief Security and Safety Officer (CSO) --
  • Corporate Health, Safety, and Occupational Toxicology Director --
  • Corporate Health, Safety, and Security Manager --
  • Environmental Affairs, Safety, and Security Manager --
  • Environmental Health and Safety Director (EHS Director) --
  • Environmental Safety Specialist --
  • Health and Safety Manager --
  • Health, Safety, and Environment Manager --
  • Safety and Health Consultant --
  • Safety, Health, and Environment Vice President --