Studies the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conducts research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conducts research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.
This career is part of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics cluster Science and Mathematics pathway.
A person in this career:
- Writes and presents reports of research findings.
- Creates and modifies maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
- Gathers and compiles geographic data from sources including censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
- Analyzes geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
- Develops, operates, and maintains geographical information computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
- Provides consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
- Teaches geography.
- Provides geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.
- Studies the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
- Locates and obtains existing geographic information databases.
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